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GEL

GDM RENT CAR GEORGIA's next article is about old capital Region of Georgia - Imereti. 

 

Imereti - one of the historical-geographical sides of western Georgia, now part of Imereti. It is of great historical significance in Western Georgia, as well as ancient Colchis, Egris, and Abkhazia.

Imereti itself is bounded on the east by the Lichi Ridge, on the west by Tskhenistskali, on the north by the Caucasus Ridge and on the south by the mountains of Fersati, or Meskheti. The name is associated with the location of this party.

Imereti is divided into two parts: Upper and Lower Imereti. Archaeological sites found on the territory of Imereti prove that human life in this area was still in the Lower Paleolithic period. They include the caves of Sazhia and Chakhati (on the river Tsitskitela), Deviskhveli (on the river Chkheriela), Sataplia and more. Archaeological statues of ancient times of urban life are found in Kutaisi, Vani, Vartsikhe (Rhodopolis), Shorapani and others. Due to its favorable geographical location, these cities have long been of strategic, economic and political importance.

Imereti region is rich in flora and fauna. Its territory covers an area of 250,000 hectares, mainly on a hilly landscape. The maximum altitude is 2850 meters above sea level. Along with deciduous forests there are coniferous and mixed forests, representatives of Caucasian fauna - Caucasian bear, mulberry, deer, roe deer, fox, wolf and mulberry, widely represented bird world. Environmentally friendly and untouched nature is still preserved, especially in mountainous regions. Such zones include Sataplia, Ajameti, Mukhnari, Vani, Chiatura, Baghdati and especially Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park, which covers 24,000 hectares. Tourism and leisure zones belong to the Tkibuli, Shaori and Rionhes reservoirs. Apart from the Great Lakes in Imereti, there are numerous small natural lakes between 1000 and 1500 meters above sea level. 

Imereti is mainly located in the humid subtropical climate region of the sea. In the lowland and midland regions of the region, the influence of the sea is weakened, however, with humid climate. The winters are cold here and summers are relatively dry and hot. The temperature in January is +2, +5, maximum in summer +38, + 40C. Precipitation is 100–200 mm. The average number of rainy days is 150; The main arteries of water are the river. Rion and screaming.

In late antiquity and early Middle Ages the ancient western Georgian kingdom of Egrisi existed on the territory of Imereti. Its king declared Christianity as an official religion of Egrisi in 523 AD. In 975-1466 Imereti was part of the united Georgian Kingdom. Since its disintegration in the 15th century, Imereti was an independent kingdom.

In the 17th-18th centuries the kingdom of Imereti experienced frequent invasions by the Turks and paid patronage to the Ottoman Empire until 1810, when it was invaded and annexed by the Russian Empire. The last King of Imereti was Solomon II (1789-1810).

From 1918–1921, Imereti was part of the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia. Within the USSR, the region was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR from 1922–1936, and part of the Georgian SSR from 1936–1991. Since Georgian independence in 1991, Imereti has been a region of Georgia with Kutaisi as the regional capital.

From Tbilisi you need to drive 2 hr to reach the destination(Imereti). Road is so accurate, so you can arrive here with GDM Rent Car Georgia's any car.



KUTAISI

 



Kutaisi- an administrative centre of Imereti. In the 15-13 centuries BC, the area was home to the Colchian culture. Archeological excavations prove that, in the VI century BC there was a township there. For many centuries it played the role of important political, administrative, cultural and educational centre of Georgia. Later, Kutisi was the capital of Georgia, it was the throne city, with royal seat. so it has a wonderful history behind. This is the second largest city of Georgia. It is settled on the both banks of the River Rioni. Deep down in the history, river Rioni was called Phasis. Europeans have become familiar with it through Argonauts. (so, where is the Golden Fleece?). Also, not far from the city are located the Ajameti conservation area, the Pillar of Katski and other natural sightseeing locations, like Sataplia sanctuary territories, which you see on on the picture.

 

Kutaisi Botanical Garden was established in the mid-19th century and contains about 700 plant species of trees and shrubs. The most interesting plant there is a giant oak-tree; it is 400 thousand years old and has turned into a miniature chapel. The oak tree reaches a height of 45 meters, and is around 2 meters in diameter. The hollow that has been transformed into a chapel, seizes almost the quarter of the entire tree, and three people may freely fit inside. To a surprise the hollow didn’t make the oak tree dry out, but it continued to blossom. This is a really quiet a place to have a rest; you will be pleased by the nature and breathe fresh air, you can also take nice photos. During the summer locals go there to escape from the hot weather, watch movies (there is a little outdoor cinema) and Georgian folk concerts.

 

 



GELATI MONASTERY

 

 

Gelati is a medieval monastic complex near Kutaisi in the Imereti region of western Georgia. A masterpiece of the Georgian Golden Age, Gelati was founded in 1106 by King David IV of Georgia and is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

The Gelati Monastery is in Kutaisi, Imereti Province, Georgia. It signifies the value of the Georgian Christian orthodox religion. Inside the monastery is full of murals and an abundance amount imagery surrounding the interior of the church. It was one of the first monastery in Georgia and adds great value to the Georgian culture and beauty.

The nickname of The Gelati Monastery is the “Golden Age of Georgia”. The monastery was built during the Byzantine Empire which is known for the use of gold aesthetic in their paintings and buildings. It was built to show how Christianity encompassed all of this land and that Georgia was filled with Christian gospel all around even high up in the mountains. As the monastery is covered in arches that stretch over mountains show how encompassing the monastery is over the mountains and over the hills.

Historically, Gelati was one of the main cultural and intellectual centers in Georgia. It had an Academy that employed some of the most celebrated Georgian scientists, theologians and philosophers, many of whom had previously been active at various orthodox monasteries abroad, such as the Mangana Monastery in Constantinople. Among the religious authors were celebrated scholars as Ioane Petritsi and Arsen Ikaltoeli. Due to the extensive work carried out by the Gelati Academy, people of the time called it "a new Hellas" and "a second Athos".

The Gelati Monastery has preserved a great number of murals and manuscripts dating back to the 12th to 17th centuries. The Khakhuli triptych was enshrined at Gelati until being stolen in 1859. Gelati is the burial site of its founder and one of the greatest Georgian kings David IV. Near King David's grave are the gates of Ganja, which were taken as a trophy by King Demetrius I of Georgia in 1138.



 

BAGRATI CATHEDRAL 

 




The Cathedral of the Dormition, or the Kutaisi Cathedral, more commonly known as Bagrati Cathedral , is an 11th-century cathedral in the city of Kutaisi, in the Imereti region of Georgia. A masterpiece of the medieval Georgian architecture, the cathedral suffered heavy damage throughout centuries and was reconstructed to its present state through a gradual process starting in the 1950s, with major conservation works concluding in 2012. A distinct landmark in the scenery of central Kutaisi, the cathedral rests on the Ukimerioni Hill.


Bagrati Cathedral was built in the early years of the 11th century, during the reign of King Bagrat III, due to which it was called "Bagrati", i.e., Bagrat’s cathedral. An inscription on the north wall reveals that the floor was laid in "chronicon 223", i.e., 1003. In 1692, it was devastated in an explosion by Ottoman troops who had invaded the Kingdom of Imereti. The incident caused the cupola and ceiling to collapse.

 

PROMTHEUS CAVE



These two caves belong to Imereti Protected Areas, and are quite close – you can easily visit both in one day. Driving through dense forests of West Georgian mountains, you’ll suddenly run into a tourist center of Prometheus cave. There is a worldwide known legend of Prometheus, who stole fire from the gods, for which he was punished and chained to Khvamli Mountain, which can be seen from Prometheus Cave, one of the most adventurous places in Georgia. We may not believe in legends, but we definitely believe in a beauty of Prometheus cave. Here you can find a very special form of stalactites, stalagmites, petrified stone waterfalls and hanging curtains, underground River and lakes – all this on a nice 1.4km walk in mysterious and cool atmosphere and short boat trip if interested. Sataplia cave is another unique place you must visit while in Imereti region. It is probably best known for Dinosaur footprints alongside cave itself. Footprints are the first sightseeing of tour – guides will explain each footprint in details, so listen carefully – you may discover many interesting facts about different dinosaurs from millions of years ago! From Sataplia mountain you can have breathtaking views on Kutaisi. There is a special glass belvedere overlooking the city. Just under that mountain you enter into mysterious, small tunnel leading to greater Sataplia cave halls. In the very center of the cave you’ll see a nice heart-shaped stalagmite. There are a restaurant and some attractions outside the cave in case you decide to enjoy the fresh scent of West Georgian Subtropical forest.


TSKALTUBO

Tskaltubo, a town in the west part of Georgia. The article states that throughout the Soviet era, the USSR built 186 sanatoriums across the state. Tskaltubo spa is considered to be one of the best sanatoriums.

The natural springs emanate from limestone massifs deep beneath the ground, releasing radon-carbonated and mineral-enriched water. According to the European Historic Thermal Towns Association, the spa was regarded as “waters of immortality” dating back 

After the fall of the Soviet Union, the sanatorium lost its function, vines, bushes, and weeds found their ways through the pillared hallways into the bathing rooms. Later in 1992, a bloody conflict broke out between government forces and separatists who fought for the independence of Abkhazia, a disputed autonomous republic in northwestern Georgia. After the fall of Sukhumi, the capital city of Abkhazia, thousands of Georgians were forced to flee the city. The refugees found the deserted corridors of the Tskaltubo sanatorium as a shelter.
 
 
The design of the sanatoriums was a model of progressive Soviet architecture. The architecture was a fusion of what is now known as classical Stalinist design and ethnic Georgian decor, as well as Gothic and Roman features.
 
 

DISHES AND WINERY



Imeruli khachapuri comes from the Imereti region and is the most common version you’ll see at Georgian feasts. It is circular in shape and is made from imeruli cheese, not sulguni. The dough is either yeast or yogurt based.

 

Since most dishes take a while until served, most Georgians take a special appetizer ensemble that is long established as a sort of local custom: plate of raw, fresh greens (green onions, herbs, radishes etc.), a plate of different cheese slices (goat cheese recommended), bread (Shoti) or cornbread (Mchadi), some boiled or fried vegetables with nuts and a jug of prefered wine. One of the most outstanding appetisers is – Nadughi. It is soft cottage cheese, similar to Italian ricotta cheese. Usually it is served rolled in the thin leaves of Sulguni (mild, elastic cheese with layers, similar to Italian mozzarella). Nadughi is served with some pomegranates and mint.

 
 
 

Have you ever heard about Tsitska, Tsolikouri or Otskhanuri Sapere? After a visit to Imeretian wineries, your perception of Georgian wine will change. Wine and Georgia are two inseparable things. Even UNESCO included the traditional Georgian way of making wine in qvevri, in the list of Intangible heritage. It is possible to taste different sorts of wine all over Georgia, however it is not easy to reach places where you can taste unique and rare types of Georgian wine. Here in Western Georgia you will find the most delicate and uncommon kind of grapes. With us you will have the opportunity to visit cellars of three fantastic families. They all form a small army of people, who not only produce wine from regional vine stocks but also make it in a traditional, thousand- year- old way. They grow their grapevines on chemicals-free soil, the wine matures in earthenware vessels (qvevri) where it undergoes natural filtration, and its bouquet is so intense that, when opening a bottle, the aroma spreads throughout the entire room. We suggest going on a one- day wine trail trip, and we promise you, that the delicate Imeretian wine, together with local cuisine and hospitality, will leave you totally charmed.

 

That was all some, but detailed information about this special Georgian region. we hope, your trip in Imereti will be enjoyable. As we said, due to road our rent car company car's will be comfortable.

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